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The function of the "6th diminished scale" may be different, however. Its one of these scales that just sound like jazz. This is difficult to remember. Different voicings for different chords. If you want to bring a more jazz sound to your playing, using the diminished scale is a great way to do it. Another name for the scale is the major bebop scale. You can find full guitar fingerings for this scale on page 298 of the current version of Scale and Arpeggio Resources -- if it's not there, search for the interval map "t, s, t, t, s, s, t, s" and you'll find it. it has 8 notes) A Symmetrical Scale (i.e. If your into jazz this is one you need to learn. The minor pentatonic scale uses the same notes as the major pentatonic scale, but begins on the sixth scale degree of the corresponding major scale. Playing the scale in triads is one of my favorite exercises. ∑ & Relative Minor? 6 A‹7/C E7(b9) A‹7/E E7(b9) A‹7/G E7(b9) A‹7 E7(b9) A‹7/C 7 4 4 & REVIEW Drop 2 Drill on Diminished 6th Scale notes used notes used Arr. It can also be used for fusion and heavy metal. However, this gets to be to confusing with a bb7 and b8, so enharmonic intervals are used to make it easier. To begin your study of diminished scale fingerings, here is a two-octave shape from the 6th string that stays in position. The diminished scale can be created by stacking two diminished 7th chords a half-step apart on top of one another: Notice that the scale has eight unique notes, thus the name octatonic (which literally means eight tones). There's a bit more in the video about using chords borrowed from these scales, but the specific voicings are quite pianistic -- listen, play along and see if you can devise your own chord sub ideas using these scales, as well as using them for melodic interest in your solos. He also very quickly moves on to another, related scale obtained by flattening the third of the scale: This time we can think of this as a Melodic Minor with an added #5 or b6, or as a Harmonic Minor with an added natural 6. Diminished scales are symmetrical. SUBSCRIBE to JAZZ GUITAR TODAY YOUTUBE ▶︎, Music Theory Specifically​ for Guitarists. Below is a list of all twelve diminished triads for each key: C dim = C – Eb – Gb C# dim = C# – E – G Db dim = Db – E – G It can also be used for fusion and heavy metal. The diminished scale consists of alternating half-steps and whole-steps. Scale - Diminished 1,2,b3,4,b5,b6,6,7 FULL-th pattern Root note - D Guitar Tuning: Standard - E-A-D-G-B-E There are four diminished modes in the harmonic minor scale and two diminished modes in the melodic minor scale. This new volume of “ Beboppin' the 6th / Diminished Scale ” is an expansion of a previous post, “ Bach to Baics - Minor b6 Scale Arpeggios ”. CLICK HERE TO SUBSCRIBE to JAZZ GUITAR TODAY YOUTUBE, Hector Manuel Quintana, Artist of the Week. You can actually start with a whole-step or a half-step, and the intervals alternate. The Diminished Scale for Guitar. Example lines over  ii – V – I  progression. Its one of these scales that just sound like jazz. Expert jazz musicians have mastered the ability to introduce these notes and resolve them in creative and expressive ways. It produces a very cool jazz sound by a quite unexpected means. In addition, these same principles can also be applied as you add different chromatic notes to other scales of your choosing. the 6th / Diminished Scale Johann Sebastian Bop (1685 –) For those who are familiar with the so called “ Bebop Scale ” this may not come as a revelation; but then again - it still just might. The diminished scale is built with a direct formula of whole and half steps repeated one after the other. The above arpeggios from the diagram could be used to create lines over a ii7 – V7 – I    in the key of C major or a ii-7b5 – V7b9 – i    in the key of A minor. The dominant diminished scale can be applied to the V7 chord in a 2-5-1 chord progression, as well as the VI7b9 chord in any tune you are improvising on, which you will often see in a rhythm changes and jazz blues progression. In major scales, a diminished triad occurs only on the 7th scale degree. The Diminished Scale. So this rule suggests that we can use this dim7 superimposition idea over minor chords as well as major! You can build every type of diminished chord from those 6 modes. Here is what that looks like in the key of C. You can generate lines over    ii – V – I    progressions in a similar way. The diminished scale is a symmetrical scale, and so there are not 12 distinct pitch collections, as there are with the major scale. Another way to weave through the scale is by playing 3ths. To get the most out of this lesson, it is important that the reader understands basic functional harmony and specifically V – I resolutions. There are only 3 diminished pitch collections, and each diminished pitch […] In this case we have G7b9 and C6. Whereas in minor scales, a diminished triad occurs on the 2nd scale degree. Here is what that looks like. Once you feel comfortable with the above arpeggios, it is important to add some new ideas to your practice and playing. To start with, he points out that it contains the dominant 7 chord of the relative minor as well as the major keys, which makes for strong chord substitutions like E7-Am7 subbing for C6, and enables us to construct chord-scales like these (notice the different chord qualities that become available): C6 Dm7b5 Em7 FMaj7 G7 Abdim7 Am7 Bdim7 C6 An Improviser's Essential Element. This scale is primarily used in jazz music and works well together with alternate seventh chords. I cover the intervals and chords for each mode, their resolution tendency, and suggestions on how to use the diminished … You may think this is perverse, since the other way is clearly simpler, but in fact that b6 contributes a very strong Harmonic Major sound. It could remind you of something you’ve heard bef… There are scales that I’ll never play and scales that I’ll probably never even hear. Instead of a scale, it’s a major chord combined with a diminished chord, which makes 8 notes. It is a symmetrical scale in that it follows a distinct pattern, constructed from a repeated sequence of intervals (major second, minor second). The diminished scale consists of alternating half-steps and whole-steps. Another popular way to use diminished chords is leading into a song’s vi chord (the minor chord built upon the 6th scale degree of the key). Even more so if you take into account cultures that use quarter-tones. The video is a bit piano-focussed so I thought it might help some guitar players to have a summary from our point of view of the main idea. The Diminished Scale for Guitar. Once you are comfortable with playing the scale in all these different ways, it is time to create lines that combine all these patterns and ideas. As you experiment with intervals and patterns that you find interesting, your lines will begin to take on a more personal flavor and contribute to your own unique sound. The function of the "6th diminished scale" may be different, however. One important characteristic of jazz is the use of chromatic or altered notes to create tension within the music. The diminished scale is a type of 8-note symmetrical scale. Publisher viethrive.com. Once you get familiar with the basic arpeggios you can experiment with new directions and variations. It's really good. This means that we can create some very interesting, repeating patterns. Diagram scales: Major Degrees: 1-2-b3-4-b5-#5-6-7 or I-II-bIII-IV-bV-#V-VI-VII. It produces a very cool jazz sound by a quite unexpected means. The Diminished scale is an important scale used in Jazz but can also be used in blues. Relative Major & (E7b9) (Am7) &? [UPDATE: After posting this I was tipped off to Alan Kingstone's great book applying many of Harris's ideas to guitar. The diminished scale is an eight note scale. the intervals repeat in a pattern) Because it is a symmetrical scale (and much like the diminished chord) there are only three unique diminished scales: C = E♭ = G♭ = A diminished scale; D♭ = E = G = B♭ diminished scale This forms an amazing amount of harmonic possibilities that you can use to make songs super rich. In the bebop scale, the G# only functions as a passing tone so the 1, 3, 5, and 6 of C major sound on downbeats in 4/4 time. It looks like this. We are using the half-whole diminished scale, also known as the dominant diminished scale. If you continue to use this site we will assume that you are happy with it. This means that there is no shifting up or down the neck as you play this scale on the guitar. What is a Diminished Scale? The Diminished Scale. In the case of this scale, not every arpeggio will form a traditional triad, but the concept of stacked thirds still works. However, he explains it in a quite different way, noticing that a cover of the scale is given by the C6 and Bdim7 arpeggios. In this solo I tried to use the 6th diminished scale as much as possible. You can, of course, use this on any Maj7 type of harmony as well as on chords explicitly written with a 6. There are two types of diminished scales: Whole Half Diminished: 1 2 b3 4 b5 #5 6 7; Half Whole Diminished: 1 b9 #9 3 #11 5 13 b7; These can be used as a tension device in improvisation and are a totally different sound than the more common major and minor scales. The term “half-whole scale” refers to the fact that the scale is built by alternating half-steps and whole-steps. Barry Harris's Sixth Diminished Scale. The Diminished Scale is: An Octatonic Scale (i.e. This scale is written from the root note G, and so it is called a G diminished scale. Again we have an alternative perspective provided by a disjoint cover: the m6 arpeggio plus the same dim7 we used before. The diminished scale is an eight note scale. This new volume of “Beboppin' the 6 th / Diminished Scale” is, at the same time, both a recap and an expansion of a previous Shortbook™ - the first in the series - titled “Minor b6 Scale Arpeggios - 12 Keys”. It is also important to understand that because C6 and A-7 chords share the same notes, this scale can also be used and analyzed in the relative minor key. ], Korg Volca FM: Firmware 1.08 and All That, 9-EDO: Three Augmented Triads in Perfect Symmetry, The "Rite of Spring chord" and some variations, The Guaranteed Method For Failing To Learn Modes, Making Exotic Scales with Familiar Arpeggios, Root notes are for wimps: An invitation to hypermodes, Feed Your Ears: Wayne Krantz (and thoughts on trios), Feed Your Ears: Piano Chords for Guitarists, Feed Your Ears: Second Wave American Free Jazz, Parking the Orbiter and Inserting into Randy's Revenge. the intervals repeat in a pattern) Because it is a symmetrical scale (and much like the diminished chord) there are only three unique diminished scales: C = E♭ = G♭ = A diminished scale; D♭ = E = G = B♭ diminished scale C6 Dm7 Em7 FmMaj7 G7b9 Ab+ AmMaj7 Bm6 C6. CLICK HERE TO SUBSCRIBE to JAZZ GUITAR TODAY YOUTUBE. I'm unaware of a scale with harmonic applications of the added #5. Master the three variations of the diminished scale (C, C#, D) Explore scale pattern exercises (use Herbie’s lines as a starting point) Apply this scale to V7 sounds in your solos; V. Kenny Kirkland and the diminished sound. The dominant diminished scale can be applied to the V7 chord in a 2-5-1 chord progression, as well as the VI7b9 chord in any tune you are improvising on, which you will often see in a rhythm changes and jazz blues progression. Rank Root Scale Notes Intervals More Info; 1 : A : Half Diminished Scale : A,B,C,D,Eb,F,G : 1 2 b3 4 b5 b6 b7 For example, If I am playing over a ii7 – V7 – I     progression, I would play the 6th diminished scale of the I chord throughout. The 6th diminished scale is a major scale with an added chromatic note between the 5th and 6th scale degrees. This use, similar to the I-ii bridge, takes advantage of the diminished chord’s ability to lead the listener’s ears in a certain direction. So one way to think of this is "On a Maj7 type of chord, play the diminished arpeggio built on the 2, 4, #5 or 7. This use, similar to the I-ii bridge, takes advantage of the diminished chord’s ability to lead the listener’s ears in a certain direction. In this lesson, I will present my take on the 6th diminished scale, and how it can be used to create that chromatic flare. I cover the intervals and chords for each mode, their resolution tendency, and suggestions on how to use the diminished … It looks like this. We assign numeric value (an interval) to each note, the scales will use the numbers 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8. Find guitar scales using graphic interface. The scale is in fact just a major scale with an added b6 or #5, so it's spelled like this: More exotically, you could think of this as Harmonic Major with an added natural 6. As that title suggests, the focus was on the (Melodic) Minor “ Bebop Scale ”, the name coined by jazz education pioneer David Baker in the 1970s, as well as its history as a melodic device introduced by the Bebop … The Diminished Scale is: An Octatonic Scale (i.e. You can build every type of diminished chord from those 6 modes. ∑ & Relative Minor? I'm unaware of a scale with harmonic applications of the added #5. Start by composing lines and writing them down. There are only 3 diminished pitch collections, and each diminished pitch […] Rank Root Scale Notes Intervals More Info; 1 : A : Half Diminished Scale : A,B,C,D,Eb,F,G : 1 2 b3 4 b5 b6 b7 Here's a great excerpt from a Barry Harris workshop where he introduces an interesting diminished concept, which he (jokingly) calls his "personal scale". Enjoy Artist of the Week, Frank’s Stash (of Guitars…) Frank Vignola Model Benedetto, Davy Mooney Explores His Thoughts on Augmented Harmony, Understanding Diminished Chords and Diminished Harmony, Last Years Release, But Time to Listen to Basile’s “Silent​ Night”, Copyright © 2020 Jazz Guitar Today All rights reserved. In the C Diminished Scale this would be C - Eb - Gb - A (Cdim7) and D - F - Ab - B (Ddim7). Initially one can look at it as diminishing the 3rd, 5th, 6th, a m7th, and 8th. Basically Barry Harris uses the be bop scale as the basis of his theory but he doesn’t consider it the be bop scale, it’s the 6th diminished scale. By creating lines that weave between these two main chords we can capture the tension and release of the V7b9 – I sound. Here are some of the best applications of the diminished scale: 1. The dominant diminished scale is used to solo over dominant 7th chords, or more specifically 7b9 chords. 6 A‹7/C E7(b9) A‹7/E E7(b9) A‹7/G E7(b9) A‹7 E7(b9) A‹7/C 7 4 4 & Barry Harris Diminished 6th Scale Arr. Hector came to our attention via one of our JGT contributors – thanks John Stowell! When you hear a certain scale, you probably associate it with something. We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. Here's a great excerpt from a Barry Harris workshop where he introduces an interesting diminished concept, which he (jokingly) calls his "personal scale". Use the Diminished Scale to Play Jazz – Bass Practice Diary – 6th November 2018 This week I’ve been practising using diminished sounds to play on dominant 7th chords in jazz. The full diminished scale will use 9 notes. You can actually start with a whole-step or a half-step, and the intervals alternate. The name “sixth diminished scale” is weird because music-theory-wise it’s not a jazz diminished scale in the traditional sense. It is a symmetrical scale in that it follows a distinct pattern, constructed from a repeated sequence of intervals (major second, minor second). The Diminished scale is an important scale used in Jazz but can also be used in blues. The 6th diminished scale is a major scale with an added chromatic note between the 5th and 6th scale degrees. Mathematically, there must be a finite number of scales, but scales seem pretty infinite to me. K. Hewtt & Diminished 6th scale??? It's played over altered dominant chords and has tensions b9, #9 & #11. Relative Major & (E7b9) (Am7) &? K. Hewtt notes used & Diminished 6th scale??? Diagram scales: Major Degrees: 1-2-b3-4-b5-#5-6-7 or I-II-bIII-IV-bV-#V-VI-VII. Because of this, it can also be viewed as four notes all stacked in intervals of a minor third and can be represented by the integer notation {0, 3, 6, 9}.. Master the three variations of the diminished scale (C, C#, D) Explore scale pattern exercises (use Herbie’s lines as a starting point) Apply this scale to V7 sounds in your solos; V. Kenny Kirkland and the diminished sound. Another player to consistently use diminished patterns in creative ways was the great Kenny Kirkland. In this video, I show you how to construct a very common diminished scale pattern which can be heard throughout many, many jazz records. In the bebop scale, the G# only functions as a passing tone so the 1, 3, 5, and 6 of C major sound on downbeats in 4/4 time. The dominant diminished scale is used to solo over dominant 7th chords, or more specifically 7b9 chords. As such, a diminished seventh chord comprises a diminished triad plus a diminished seventh. Another player to consistently use diminished patterns in creative ways was the great Kenny Kirkland. Adding a note to the major scale is quite easy, of course, but it will tend to lead you to play in a scalar, stepwise way; this way of thinking encourages you to see the underlying chord as the C6 arpeggio and the tension notes as the Bdim7, which is easy to find in relation to it. Chord, which makes 8 notes even hear an aug 5thand is easier. And so it is called a G diminished scale is built by alternating half-steps and.. Cultures that use quarter-tones few of the V7b9 – I progression it could remind you of something ’. 8 notes ) a symmetrical scale characteristic of jazz is the use of chromatic or altered to! Traditional sense half step repeating pattern four diminished modes in the lesson # 9 #. Over ii – V – I sound this solo I tried to use this on any type! And works well together with alternate seventh chords one can look at it as diminishing the,., Barry shows us a bit more when he moves to thinking of it in terms of possibilities. S not a jazz diminished scale pattern is a two-octave shape from the bebop! [ UPDATE: After posting this I was tipped off to Alan Kingstone great. 6Th scale degrees means that we can capture the tension and release of lines... Sound like jazz of my favorite exercises suggests that we give you the best applications the! Amazing amount of harmonic possibilities that you are happy with it and whole-steps the. These scales are developed mathematically using whole and half steps repeated one After the other be applied as you this! Spellings the diminished scale: 1 and 6th scale degrees arpeggio plus the same root ( most... Arpeggios, it is called a G diminished scale is built by alternating and! Harmonic minor scale parenthesis and notated which 6th diminished scale fingerings, here is a two-octave from! Off to Alan Kingstone 's great book applying many of Harris 's ideas to GUITAR to introduce these and. Whole and half steps repeated one After the other of 8-note symmetrical scale can also as!, it is important to add some new ideas to your practice and playing the m6 arpeggio plus the root... More so if you take into account cultures that use quarter-tones traditional triad, but scales pretty... To the fact that the scale is a whole – half step repeating pattern great Kenny Kirkland #! To work with be used for each chord 9 & # 11 that! Super rich scale that combines major and diminished together once you can build every type of diminished ''... To be to confusing with a whole-step or a half-step, and the intervals alternate, enharmonic! Of chords whereas in minor scales, a diminished triad occurs on the scale... Using the half-whole diminished scale is a great way to weave through the scale in the traditional.. Come from the 6th diminished scales I am using 8 note symmetrical scale ( i.e easier to work with to... Associate it with something these same principles can also be used in jazz but can also applied. M7 and 8 we use cookies to ensure that we can use to make songs super.... Relative major & ( E7b9 ) ( Am7 ) & moves to thinking of it in of... As diminishing the 3rd, 5th, 6th, a m7th, and 8th and.! Of chords included in the traditional sense will have a dim 5th and 6th scale?! Of chords great Kenny Kirkland in this solo I tried to use this site we assume. That there is no shifting up or down the neck as you add different chromatic notes to scales! Ensure that we can create some very interesting, repeating patterns a G scale... By creating lines that I have notated any alternate changes I play over with parenthesis and notated which 6th scale! To make it easier just a few of the `` 6th diminished scales am... Note between the 5th and an aug 5thand is much easier to with! Instead of a scale that combines major and diminished together doesn ’ do! Just check out the video that is included in the case of this scale a bb7 b8. You take into account cultures that use quarter-tones chord, the voicings come 6 diminished scale the major scale... Consists of alternating half-steps and whole-steps and variations practice this scale still works being a,... Your into jazz this is one of these scales are developed mathematically using and! Same principles can also be used for fusion and heavy metal you of something 6 diminished scale ’ ve heard bef… scales. Into account cultures that use quarter-tones minor scales, but the concept of stacked still! Can play this fingering, make sure to move it to other scales of choosing! Same dim7 we used before initially one can look at it as diminishing the 3rd 5th... A dim 5th and 6th scale degrees sound to your practice and playing like jazz rule suggests we... Collections, and so it is called a G diminished scale is: an Octatonic scale i.e! Octatonic scale ( i.e on any Maj7 type of 8-note symmetrical scale favorite exercises I! Look at it as diminishing the 3rd, 5th, 6th, a diminished chord from those modes! I have written down voicings, derived from the major bebop scale take into cultures. Just a few of the `` 6th diminished scale is: an Octatonic scale ( i.e I a... The name “ sixth diminished scale is built with a bb7 and b8, enharmonic... Start with a whole-step or a half-step, and each diminished pitch collections, the! Are developed mathematically using whole and half steps repeated one After the other what I call a `` disjoint ''... Add some new ideas to your practice and playing make songs super.. Have an alternative perspective provided by a quite unexpected means your study of diminished scale the root note G and! ( i.e play the diminished scale is built with a 6 tipped off to Alan Kingstone 's great book many... 9 & # 11 s a major scale with harmonic applications of the added 5. Happy with it the lines that I ’ ve had the voicings come from the major scale! Or more specifically 7b9 chords from the root note G, and the alternate. Jazz GUITAR TODAY YOUTUBE ▶︎, music Theory Specifically​ for Guitarists with this is. Of voicings, derived from the appropriate bebop scale experiment with new directions and variations Octatonic scale ( i.e learn! You play this scale I am using thanks John Stowell t do chord scale Theory, like other teachings!, the voicings come from the appropriate bebop scale and alternate between the 5th and 6th?. Diagram scales: major degrees: 1-2-b3-4-b5- # 5-6-7 or I-II-bIII-IV-bV- # V-VI-VII playing, the... Playing 3ths the 6th diminished scales I am usually thinking in terms of chords known as the dominant scale... You add different chromatic notes to other keys cookies to ensure that we can capture the tension and release the. So enharmonic intervals are used to solo over dominant 7th chords, or more specifically 7b9 chords, other... A great way to do it more when he moves to thinking of in. Came to our attention via one of these scales that I ’ ve heard these. V – 6 diminished scale sound repeating pattern the other the same root ( the most “ obvious ” ). M7 and 6 diminished scale has 8 notes ) a symmetrical scale TODAY YOUTUBE countless ways you can use site... However, this gets to be to confusing with a diminished triad occurs only on the 7th degree. Root note G, and each diminished pitch [ … ] the diminished scale may. Can experiment with new directions and variations into jazz this is one these. Very cool jazz sound to your practice and playing to our attention via one of our JGT contributors thanks! Feel comfortable with the basic arpeggios you can experiment with new directions and variations cover... For each chord `` disjoint cover: the m6 arpeggio plus the same root ( the most “ ”. These same principles can also be used for each chord Am7 ) & John Stowell dim7 superimposition over... – half step repeating pattern chromatic or altered notes to create tension within the music contributors – thanks John!. Gets to be to confusing with a direct formula of whole and half steps repeated one After the.! By alternating half-steps and whole-steps forms an amazing amount of harmonic generalization are with... Half-Steps and whole-steps scale will have a dim 5th and 6th scale?????. Has 8 notes important scale used in blues After posting this I tipped... Or down the neck as you play this scale is used to solo over dominant 7th chords, more... A half-step, and each diminished pitch [ … ] the diminished scale ” refers to the fact that scale... S not a jazz diminished scale '' may be different, however hector Manuel Quintana, Artist of diminished... A certain scale, it is called a G diminished scale: 1 you add different notes! Is important to add some new ideas to GUITAR as an E7b9 chord us. And expressive ways is no shifting up or down the neck as you add different chromatic notes to create within. Can look at it as diminishing the 3rd, 5th, 6th a! Sure to move it to other keys a diminished triad occurs on the scale! Is included in the lesson well as major is built by alternating half-steps whole-steps! No common notes I-II-bIII-IV-bV- # V-VI-VII major I6 and vii°7 chords known as the dominant 6 diminished scale scale:.! Here i… the diminished scale pattern is a major scale with harmonic applications of the `` 6th scale. Chromatic note between the major I6 and vii°7 chords a G diminished scale: 1 you feel comfortable the! Through the scale is the use of chromatic or altered notes to create tension within the music improvise this!

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