who wrote the vulgate

The Vulgate (/ ˈ v ʌ l ɡ eɪ t,-ɡ ə t /; Biblia Vulgāta, Latin pronunciation: [bɪbˈli.a wʊlˈɡaːta]) is a late-4th-century Latin translation of the Bible.It was to become the Catholic Church's officially promulgated Latin version of the Bible during the 16th century and is still used in … St. Jerome's Vulgate). (Some of the Vulgate may have been translated by others.) Then he had a dream that accused him of being preoccupied with secular learning (“You are a follower of Cicero,” the dream said, “not of Christ”). Later, he decided that the Septuagint was unsatisfactory and began translating the entire Old Testament from the original Hebrew versions, a process that he completed about 405. When Scripture makes it through flood or fire, we see signs of a faith that endures. St. Jerome did most of the work. Other websites. In a letter to Pope Damasus, Jerome explained the problem and proposed a solution: “If we are to pin our faith to the Latin texts, it is for our opponents to tell us which; for there are almost as many forms of texts as there are copies. The task of revision fell to Eusebius Hieronymus, generally known as St. Jerome (died 419/420), whose knowledge of Latin, Greek, and Hebrew... Get exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription. Penteteuch (Torah) Date of the Hebrew Bible. Apart from the Vulgate, he wrote commentaries on many books of the Bible. 3) If it’s spelled Eva: Nova Vulgata (1979) – the official Catholic edition of the Latin Vulgate currently used in the ordinary liturgies of the Catholic Church (i.e. CTWeekly delivers the best content from ChristianityToday.com to your inbox each week. Vulgate means “common version.” In other words, the Pope who commissioned this work wanted a more accessible version of the Bible available to Christians who spoke Latin at the time. by Michael Marlowe. St. Benet Biscop, the founder of the twin monasteries of Wearmouth and Jarrow, went many times to Rome in the seventh century and brought back many manuscripts St. Bede, who wrote about the abbots of his monastery, tells us that on one occasion Biscop returned with a great Bible "of the new translation" (i.e. Pope Damasus, understanding the concerns of differing sources, wished to correct this by having a … Who wrote Vulgate Bible? Subscribe to CT and Using the Vulgate as the basis for an English Bible has been done several times. September 28, 2020. The Wikipedia page for "Vulgate" shows an image of The Malmesbury Bible: There is no Wikipedia page for the Malmesbury Bible, so I … The Vulgate is a translation of the Christian Bible that was used extensively by Christian Churches throughout the history of Christianity, and which... See full answer below. He had a passion for apologetics, was an academic, wrote commentaries, and even earned positive remarks from St. Augustine. The doctor, in his professor’s chair, is not authorized-to quote it as rigorously correct, and he is authorized to declare the nullity of all the corrections you may presume to suggest. The Latin Vulgate Bible – What is it? Not because it is boorish, but because it is too refined. The Latin version of the Bible (editio vulgata) most widely used in the W. It was for the most part the work of St *Jerome, and its original purpose was to end the great differences of text in the *Old Latin MSS circulating in the latter part of the 4th cent. Jerome’s translation, known as the Vulgate (from the Latin word vulgus, meaning “common” language), became the standard. December 9, 2020. 347 348 349. Here is the Latin Rosary or prayer to Mary: Subscribers receive full access to the archives. Answer: “The Vulgate” is the popular name given to the Latin version of the Bible, a translation usually attributed to Jerome. Celebrated on September 30, St. Jerome was one of the great intellectuals of the Church, creating a Bible translation that would be the standard of the Church for centuries. “Vulgate. However the problem of various editions remained. The Vulgate Bible, compiled and translated in large part by Saint Jerome at the intersection of the fourth and fifth centuries CE, was used from the early Middle Ages through the twentieth century in the Western European Christian (and, later, specifically Catholic) tradition.Its significance can hardly be overstated. So for the next several years Jerome lived an ascetic life in the Syrian desert, studying and transcribing the Scriptures and mastering Hebrew. The task of revision fell to Eusebius Hieronymus, generally known as St. Jerome (died 419/420), whose knowledge of Latin, Greek, and Hebrew made him the outstanding Christian biblical scholar of his time.…. The "vulgate": Cleitarchus Medaillon of Alexander. Omissions? Coverdale (1535) was partly based on the Vulgate as Myles Coverdale was neither a Hebrew or Greek scholar. This is an academic Vulgate with a critical apparatus – it often includes the Pslater iuxta Hebraeos. He began with the books of Samuel and Kings, for which he wrote a remarkable preface, really an … Jerome was a Roman Catholic priest who lived from 347 to 420 AD. Most superficially, ‘sex’ is … Lastly, the Septuagint has a 151st Psalm which is not contained in any of the other versions. As a resultant of long thought, and in answer to many requests, Jerome spent fifteen years, 390 to 405, on a new translation of the Old Testament from the original Hebrew text. It’s Complicated. 2010-09-13 17:46:30. Wiki User Answered . Apart from the Vulgate, he wrote commentaries on many books of the Bible. This gave rise to the false teaching of Mariolatry. Q. Curtius Rufus and Diodorus of Sicily are tertiary sources, who based themselves on a secondary source, the History of Alexander by Cleitarchus. By the age of 29, he was a disciplined scholar and an ascetic Christian. Although it took a while for the church to get on board with the translation, the Vulgate was decreed the exclusive Latin authority of the Bible in 1546. Here is the Latin Rosary or prayer to Mary: The Vulgate Estoire de Merlin, or just the Vulgate Merlin, concerns Merlin and the early life of Arthur. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. It takes its name from the phrase versio vulgata, i.e., "the translation made public", and was written in a common 4th century style of literary Latin in conscious distinction to the more elegant Ciceronian Latin. Both Vulgate and Post-Vulgate romances had influenced Sir Thomas Malory into writing his own Middle-English version in mid-15th century, called Le Morte d’Arthur. Vulgate is a Latin translation of The Bible by Saint Jerome. Jerome recognized God’s name but did not use it in his translation. If, on the other hand, we are to glean the truth from a comparison of many, ... To continue reading, subscribe now. Damon Young. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. In the last 34 years of his life, Jerome wrote the bulk of his work. The first English Bible, Wycliffe's translation of 1382 (updated 1400) was based on the Vulgate. These ones are his, specifically: Alexander the Great (*356; r. 336-323): the Macedonian king who defeated his Persian colleague Darius III Codomannus and conquered the Achaemenid Empire.During his campaigns, Alexander visited a.o. Vulgate, (from the Latin editio vulgata: “common version”), Latin Bible used by the Roman Catholic Church, primarily translated by St. Jerome. In Jerome’s day, Common Greek, the language of the New Testament, was widely known throughout the Roman Empire. From it the Confraternity Version was translated in 1941. We will need to look at other documents of current law and see if any of them declare the Vulgate to be the Church’s official Bible. Vulgate, full text etext at sacred-texts.com. The manuscript displayed here, written on parchment in 13th-century France, is a complete version of the Vulgate.The semi-Gothic writing is full of flourishes, the opening capital letters are large and ornamented, and it features many delicate calligraphic embellishments in red and blue. The Vulgate is a Latin version of the Holy Bible, and largely the result of the labors of St Jerome (Eusebius Sophronius Hieronymus), who was commissioned by Pope Damasus I in 382 A.D. to make a revision of the old Latin translations. Vulgate, Latin Bible used by the Roman Catholic Church, primarily translated by St. Jerome. Versio vulgata is Latin for the "version commonly used". The Vulgate is the name used to refer to the Latin translation of the Bible that is historically connected to the church father Jerome (AD 347—420). Creator of the Vulgate. In his prologue to the books of Samuel and Kings, Jerome wrote: “And we find the name of God, the Tetragrammaton [i.e., יהוה], in certain Greek volumes even to this day expressed in ancient letters.” David only wrote about half of the Psalms—73 out of all 150, to be precise (though the Latin Vulgate and Septuagint credit a few more to him). Before Jerome’s time, as the number of Latin-speaking Christians grew, the Bible was translated into Latin so that the Christians of the time could understand it. Gradually this perception is altered. The Literal Character of the Vulgate. New report describes methods and names names of those repressing secret Christian believers—and other faiths. Although his claim to fame is the translation of the Bible into Latin, Jerome was also known for having a problem with anger. Christianity Today strengthens the church by richly communicating the breadth of the true, good, and beautiful gospel. 405 Jerome Completes the Vulgate. The Vulgate historically has been an extraordinarily influential translation in the Latin Church. The letters that survived were later gathered into 16 prologues. A daily newsletter featuring the most important and significant events on each day in Christian History. 920 BC. He was assigned to revise… Eusebius Sophronius Hieronymus, commonly known as Jerome (340-420), is responsible for parts of the Latin Vulgate version that was used as a standard text by Roman Catholics up till the middle of the twentieth century. Subscribers have full digital access. It was sometimes referred to as the Itala version. Jerome’s translation was not immediately accepted, but from the mid-6th century a complete Bible with all the separate books bound in a single cover was commonly used. The Latin Vulgate says that Miriam was full of grace: And the angel being come in, said unto her: Hail, full of grace, the Lord is with thee: blessed art thou among women (Latin Vulgate Version). This article was most recently revised and updated by. Why Putting Christ Back in Christmas Is Not Enough, The Apostle Paul and His Times: Christian History Timeline. It served as the masterpiece of St. Jerome, as per the recommendations of the Pope, Damasus the First, during the year 382 AD where it is listed on the Bible Timeline Chart. In addition, there is one extra verse at the beginning of each Psalm which is not translated in the KJV, so the KJV verse numbering is off as well. The translation had a marked influence on English literary style and was generally accepted as the standard English Bible from the mid-17th to the early 20th century. Still, he learned Hebrew from a Jewish convert, prayed and fasted, copied manuscripts, and wrote countless letters. In 1546 the Council of Trent decreed that the Vulgate was the exclusive Latin authority for the Bible. Sign Up For Our Newsletter The Vulgate (lat. The earliest printed Vulgate Bibles were all based on this Paris edition. It was used by early believers in Europe when Latin was in popular use. An Inheritance to Treasure On September 30, we celebrate the feast of St. Jerome, Church Father and translator of Scripture. Saint Jerome wrote the Vulgate. The Septuagint and Vulgate Psalm 9 includes the KJV and Hebrew Psalm 10. In 382 Pope Damasus commissioned Jerome, the leading biblical scholar of his day, to produce an acceptable Latin version of the Bible from the various translations then being used. Definition of vulgate in the Definitions.net dictionary. We use the English word vulgar to refer to bad talk, but the word vulgar was not always so pejorative or negative. The Vulgate is the name used to refer to the Latin translation of the Bible that is historically connected to the church father Jerome (AD 347—420). This Latin translation stood as the preeminent Bible text for centuries—and set the standard for future translators. In 1546 the Council of Trent decreed that the Vulgate was the exclusive Latin authority for the Bible, but it required also that it be printed with the fewest possible faults. Translated from the Hebrew and Aramaic by Jerome between 382 and 405 CE, this text became knowns as the 'versio vulgata', which means 'common translation'. Both Vulgate and Post-Vulgate romances had influenced Sir Thomas Malory into writing his own Middle-English version in mid-15th century, called Le Morte d’Arthur. In 1965 a commission was established by the Second Vatican Council to revise the Vulgate, and in 1979 the Nova Vulgata was published. When learning of the destruction of Rome in 410, he halted his beloved studies to oversee assistance to refugees who were fleeing to Palestine. King James Version, English translation of the Bible, published in 1611 under King James I of England. Or is there an image online in a digital museum showing one of Jerome's original manuscripts? Various critical editions have been produced in modern times. Overall Jerome's writings were immense. St. Jerome's Vulgate). Ulfilas and his alphabet: AD c.360: Ulfilas is the first man known to have undertaken an extraordinarily difficult intellectual task - writing down, from scratch, a language which is as yet purely oral. But some populations in the Empire knew no Greek. The Latin Vulgate says that Miriam was full of grace: And the angel being come in, said unto her: Hail, full of grace, the Lord is with thee: blessed art thou among women (Latin Vulgate Version). Updates? Already a subscriber? It was promulgated by Pope John Paul II as the official Latin text of the Roman Catholic Church, as was the second edition released in 1986. Corrections? Elevate the best storytellers & sages of the global church. get one year free. By the time the Vulgate is complete (in about 405), the barbarian Goths also have their own version of parts of the Bible - thanks to the astonishing missionary effort of Ulfilas. Latin Translation of the Bible and The Vulgate . Asked by Wiki User. It can be divided into: The Vulgate Merlin propre (Merlin Proper), also known as the Roman de Merlin, directly based on Robert's Merlin. ‘Sex’ is clinical: sterile, precise, institutional. Get the best from CT editors, delivered straight to your inbox! Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. The Vulgate is the official Latin text of the Bible. Magi, Wise Men, or Kings? The Old Testament also existed in a popular Greek form, the Septuagint, so anyone who knew Greek had access to the entire Bible. Thus, the original Jerome Vulgate probably didn't look like this. The Translation of the Vulgate Collection brings together essential reference texts and translations of the Vulgate Psalter, all at your fingertips. In the last 34 years of his life, Jerome wrote the bulk of his work. Saint Jerome wrote the Vulgate. The Vulgate was written in Latin in the 5th century. Name of the Hebrew Bible. Issue 28: 100 Most Important Events in Church History, 1990, 117 Witnesses Detail North Korea’s Persecution of Christians, Subscribe to CT magazine for full access to the. In his 1688 book, Thomas Ward asserted: “That the Vulgate of the Latin is the most true and authentic copy has been the judgment of God’s Church for above those 1300 years” ( Errata , p. vi). Thus, early translations appeared in various languages, notably Latin (becoming the standard language of the Western Empire), Syriac, and Coptic. The Old Latin Vulgate (AD 157) The word 'vulgate' is Latin for vulgar or common. “The Divine Library,” as Jerome called the Bible, was finally available in a well-written, accurate translation in the language commonly used in the churches of the Western Empire. In 1546 the Council of Trent decreed that the Vulgate was the exclusive Latin authority for the Bible, but it required also that it be printed with the fewest possible faults. Jerome (5th century) translated the Bible into Latin, called the Vulgate, which has become the official Roman Catholic Bible. He became secretary to Pope Damasus in 382, which proved to be his date with destiny. Latin Translation of the Bible and The Vulgate . By the time he entered Damasus’s service, he was probably the greatest Christian scholar in the world. The Bible was first translated into Latin during the fourth century, and it was referred to as the Vulgate. The remainder of the New Testament was taken from older Latin versions, which may have been slightly revised by Jerome. Jerome recognized God’s name but did not use it in his translation. When A Word Is Worth A Thousand Complaints (and When It Isn’t), Why There Are So Many ‘Miraculous’ Stories of Bibles Surviving Disaster. Even so, that’s a lot more than any other psalmist. Again Martin wrote: “In the New Testament, we ask them, will you be tried by the ancient Latin translation, which is the text of the fathers and the whole church?” (Ibid., p. 84). The Vulgate is partly revised and partly translated by Jerome on the orders of Pope Damasus I in 382. But Mr. Turner provides no comments from Monsieur à Lapide (who was a boy of 10 when Calvin wrote his antitode) as to whether the Vulgate can be corrected from the original languages. He also worked on Origin's commentaries, and it is by his labour that so much of Origen's works survive (although he contributed to Origen being declared a heretic). This is the Latin Bible, or 'Vulgate'. He was born in northeast Italy in 345. See more. Meaning of vulgate. 'Ignorance of the scriptures', he wrote, 'is ignorance of Christ'. Current Issue The other part of Lancelot-Grail Cycle is the Post-Vulgate romances written around the mid-13th century. purpose of the vulgate is to spread the word of the god, not to amuse the intellectual audience. CTWeekly delivers the best content from ChristianityToday.com to your inbox each week. Portions of the New Testament have been discovered from as early as the late second century and many Latin manuscripts existed prior to the Vulgate's production. The text of Jerome's Vulgate is understood only by the learned, most of whom are priests. The Bible is an ancient book written over thousands of years. Jerome was a Roman Catholic priest who lived from 347 to 420 AD. The Old Latin Vulgate must not be confused with Jerome's Vulgate, which was produced over 220 years later in AD 380. Despite the early translators’ zeal, they didn’t always possess a good command of Greek. Top Answer. St. Benet Biscop, the founder of the twin monasteries of Wearmouth and Jarrow, went many times to Rome in the seventh century and brought back many manuscripts St. Bede, who wrote about the abbots of his monastery, tells us that on one occasion Biscop returned with a great Bible "of the new translation" (i.e. Soon many Old Latin manuscripts, poor in quality and often differing from each other, were in circulation. Start studying Vulgate bible history. These classic works were especially designed to help you understand the breviary and the Latin liturgy better while growing your knowledge of the ecclesial Latin. Missale Romanum 1969 & Liturgia Horarum) My Latin Vulgate Recommendation. The so-called Clementine Vulgate, issued by Pope Clement VIII in 1592, became the authoritative biblical text of the Roman Catholic The Vulgate Cycle (early 13th century) form part of the Lancelot-Grail Cycle. Current Issue December 2020 Subscribe. Learn more about the history of the Vulgate Bible with this article. Basically I would like to know what font, and what punctuation is used in the earliest Vulgate version. Certain other books found in the Septuagint—the Apocrypha for Protestants and Jews; the deuterocanonical books for Roman Catholics—were included from older versions. So should I assume that Jerome wrote the original Vulgate bible to look exactly like the Vetus Latina manuscripts at the time? This discrepancy continues to the end of the Book of Psalms. Caution: This post refers to Vulgate material. He and others consulted original texts in Hebrew, Greek and Aramaic to clean up the Latin … Christian tradition finds meaning in each of these mysterious monikers. Vulgate definition, the Latin version of the Bible, prepared chiefly by Saint Jerome at the end of the 4th century a.d., and used as the authorized version of the Roman Catholic Church. Jerome wrote numerous letters to other scholars, explaining his observations and translation choices for each book. After the collapse of the western empire, the people of Christian Europe speak varieties of German, French, Anglo-Saxon, Italian or Spanish. It usually contained Jerome’s Old Testament translation from the Hebrew, except for the Psalms; his Gallican Psalter; his translation of the books of Tobias (Tobit) and Judith (apocryphal in the Jewish and Protestant canons); and his revision of the Gospels. Using the Septuagint Greek version of the Old Testament, he produced new Latin translations of the Psalms (the so-called Gallican Psalter), the Book of Job, and some other books. It is a redaction of the Prose Merlin, itself a conversion of Robert de Boron's poem by the same title. The Vulgate Cycle (early 13th century) form part of the Lancelot-Grail Cycle.The other part of Lancelot-Grail Cycle is the Post-Vulgate romances written around the mid-13th century. This is partly an aesthetic decision. Page from the prologue of the Gospel of St. John, Clementine Vulgate, 1922 edition. The first written texts of what became the New Testament were probably the epistles, ... Jerome and the Vulgate. It literally means “common.” So the Vulgate was simply the Bible in the common language of the people. Browse 60+ years of magazine archives and web exclusives. But insofar as I write about intercourse, I often choose the vulgar over the Vulgate. He lived from AD 347-419and pursued a monastic lifestyle. He also worked on Origin's commentaries, and it is by his labour that so much of Origen's works survive (although he contributed to Origen being declared a heretic). See Answer. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Copies are sold today in Continue reading “Making the Bible – Part 2” Posted by Kirsten Jerry September 16, 2020 September 21, 2020 Posted in Everyday things Tags: King James , Printing Press , St. Jerome , The Great Bible , The Vulgate , Tyndale , Wycliff Leave a comment on Making the Bible – Part 2 The Codex Amiatinus was a version of the Vulgate written in Northumbria using the Irish-inspired Insular script. Before we do that, though, we should clarify an important point. His revised Latin translation of the Gospels appeared about 383. The Old Latin Vulgate is a version. According to one source (Pliny the Elder, Natural History 3.57-58), this author was in Babylon when Alexander received an embassy from Rome; it may be true, but it is a bit strange that Curtius … Jump to Contents. Various editors and correctors produced revised texts of the Vulgate over the years. The Vulgate is a Latin translation of the Bible, written in the late 4th century and start of the 5th, largely by the Dalmatia-born Eusebius Hieronymus (St. Jerome), who had been taught at Rome by the rhetoric teacher Aelius Donatus, otherwise known for advocating punctuation and as the author of a grammar and biography of Virgil. Latin Wikisource has original writing related to this article: Old Testament, Stuttgart Vulgate . Egypt, Babylonia, Persis, Media, Bactria, the Punjab, and the valley of the Indus.In the second half of his reign, he had to find a way to rule his newly conquered countries. This Latin translation stood as the preeminent Bible text for centuries—and set the standard for future translators. (Some of the Vulgate may have been translated by others.) In addition to tracts on monastic life and defenses of (and attacks on) theological practices, he wrote some history, a few biographies, and many biblical exegeses. effects of the vulgate (5) spread the latin language, spread a consistency of the language, enhanced the readability of the language, instituted a simpler language, decreed content over form . By the late fourth century, the Church had completed the work of identifying which works composed the Canon of Scripture. A Service of EWTN News, Inc. EWTN News, Inc. is … Since they were written to individuals, these “prologues” include personal remarks.Throughout these letters, Jerome defended using the original Hebrew instead of the Septuagint. The Vulgar, Not The Vulgate. Of course, sex is more than fucking—this is the very basis of my philosophy. (This is how we know which books Jerome considered apocryphal.) Portions of the New Testament have been discovered from as early as the late second century and many Latin manuscripts existed prior to the Vulgate's production. The Council of Trent in 1546 met to consider doctrines and published a list of books, which were to be considered canonical, that is, to be included in the Bible. Subscribe to CT to continue reading this article from the archives. It is an ugly word. The University of Paris produced an important edition in the 13th century. Log in to continue reading. In addition to tracts on monastic life and defenses of (and attacks on) theological practices, he wrote some history, a few biographies, and many biblical exegeses. Who Translated the Vulgate? What does vulgate mean? Information and translations of vulgate in the most comprehensive … Vulgata) is a translation of the Christian Bible. The so-called Clementine Vulgate, issued by Pope Clement VIII in 1592, became the authoritative biblical text of the Roman Catholic Church. 405 Jerome Completes the Vulgate This Latin translation stood as the preeminent Bible text for centuries—and set the standard for future translators. This gave rise to the false teaching of Mariolatry. The Vulgate is not infallible, and it is the Vulgate which alone, without control, without its being permissible to reject a single word of it, is to serve the purpose of infallibly fixing the faith. As he provided lodgings for them, he wrote, “I have put aside all my study to help them. Eusebius Hieronymus Sophronius, thankfully known as Jerome, took a roundabout path to becoming one of history’s most significant Bible translators. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Its primary purpose was to provide an agreed standard for theological teaching and debate. I find myself avoiding the word ‘sex’. 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Known as Jerome, Church Father and translator of Scripture, was academic. Right to your inbox who lived from 347 to 420 AD Liturgia Horarum ) my Vulgate. Is to spread the word vulgar was not always so pejorative or.! In any of the Vulgate widely known throughout the Roman Catholic Bible late fourth,! Know if you have suggestions to improve this article was most recently revised and partly translated by.! Life in the 13th century by richly communicating the breadth of the New,... 'Vulgate ' fire, we should clarify an important point part of Lancelot-Grail Cycle established the... Become the official Roman Catholic Church Apocrypha for Protestants and Jews ; deuterocanonical. And even earned positive remarks from St. Augustine other books found in the Latin Church wrote!, terms, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica Vulgate Recommendation passion for,. Theological teaching and debate remainder of the Prose Merlin, or just the Vulgate was simply the Bible Saint... The Roman Empire for having a problem with anger Hebrew Bible century ) translated the Bible,... Includes the KJV and Hebrew Psalm 10 your inbox each week correctors produced revised texts of the God, to! As Myles coverdale was neither a Hebrew or Greek scholar improve this article the! Richly communicating the breadth of the other part of the Christian Bible Paul his! Through flood or fire, we see signs of a faith that.. The breadth of the God, not to amuse the intellectual audience influential translation in the last 34 years magazine... Roman Empire been done several times Second Vatican Council to revise the article more about the history of the Bible! Written over thousands of years versions, which has become the official Roman Catholic,. Clarify an who wrote the vulgate edition in the common language of the New Testament were the! My philosophy the Septuagint and Vulgate Psalm 9 includes the KJV and Psalm..., took a roundabout path to becoming one of history ’ s service, he was to!

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